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Herbs of the Mint Family

Chandramita Bora
The mint family contains several hundreds of herbs, that have been in use for various purposes for a long time. Spearmint, peppermint, oregano, basil, and thyme, are some of the common herbs, that belong to the mint family.

Some Information About the Mint Family

The mint family is also known as Lamiaceae, and contains approximately 6900 to 7200 species, some of which are herbs, while others are shrubs, subshrubs, and small trees.
The members of the mint family are known for their strong and pleasant aroma. Basil, thyme, lavender, peppermint, spearmint, and rosemary, are some of the common herbs of the mint family, which have found a wide range of applications in human society.
The term 'herb', is commonly used for those plants, which can be used for flavoring, food, medicine, or perfume. But in American botanical English, herb is the abbreviation of herbaceous plants. In this article however, we have included some members of the mint family, such as holy basil and common sage, that are not herbaceous plants, but are widely known as herbs for their medicinal and culinary uses.

Herbs of the Lamiaceae (Mint) Family

Rock thyme : (Acinos alpinus)
Used as :- Medicinal herb and garden plant

Anise hyssop : (Agastache foeniculum) 
Used as :- Medicinal plant, leaves are used for seasoning

Mexican giant hyssop : (Agastache mexicana) 
Used as :- Flavoring agent and herbal tea

Korean mint : (Agastache rugosa) 
Used as :- Medicinal and culinary herb, ornamental plant
Threadleaf giant hyssop : (Agastache rupestris) Used as :- Ornamental plant

Nettle-leaf giant hyssop : (Agastache urticifolia) Used as :- Medicinal plant

Yellow bugle/Ground pine : (Ajuga chamaepitys) Used as :- Medicinal plant

Geneva bugleweed/Upright bugle : (Ajuga genevensis) Used as :- Ornamental plant
Bugle/Blue bugle/Bugleweed : (Ajuga reptans) Used as :- Garden plant

Hairy wood mint/Hairy pagoda plant : (Blephilia hirsuta) Used as :- Garden plant

Downy wood mint/Ohio horsemint : (Blephilia ciliata) Used as :- Medicinal herb

Large-flowered calamint : (Calamintha grandiflora) Used as :- Medicinal and ornamental plant, culinary herb
Lesser calamint : (Calamintha nepeta) Used as :- Culinary herb (in Italian cuisines)

Canary Islands-balm : (Cedronella canariensis) Used as :- Garden plant

Dragon's head : (Dracocephalum rupestre) Used as :- Ornamental plant and a tea substitute
Moldavian dragonhead : (Dracocephalum moldavica) Used as :- Medicinal and ornamental plant, seeds are used for extracting oil

Large-flowered hemp-nettle : (Galeopsis speciosa) Used as :- Medicinal herb

Drummond's false pennyroyal : (Hedeoma drummondii) Used as :- Flavoring agent
White nettle : (Lamium album) Used as :- Medicinal plant, and vegetable

Henbit deadnettle : (Lamium amplexicaule) Used as :- Edible plant

Yellow archangel : (Lamium galeobdolon) Used as :- Ornamental plant

English lavender : (Lavandula angustifolia) Used as :- Culinary and medicinal herb, ornamental plant, also used in Aromatherapy
French lavender : (Lavandula dentata) Used as :- Medicinal and ornamental plant, oil is used in perfumes

French lavender : (Lavandula stoechas) Used as :- Ornamental and medicinal plant, also used in air fresheners and insecticides

French lavender : (Lavandula pedunculata) Used as :- Ornamental plant
Fernleaf lavender : (Lavandula multifida) Used as :- Ornamental plant

Motherwort : (Leonurus cardiaca) Used as :- Medicinal plant

Chinese motherwort : (Leonurus japonicus) Used as :- Medicinal plant (in traditional Chinese medicine)

Siberian motherwort : (Leonurus sibiricus) Used as :- Medicinal herb
American bugleweed : (Lycopus americanus) Used as :- Medicinal plant and dye

European bugleweed : (Lycopus europaeus) Used as :- Medicinal herb

Virginia bugleweed : (Lycopus virginicus) Used as :- Medicinal plant

White horehound : (Marrubium vulgare) Used as :- Grasshopper repellent and medicinal herb (used in hard lozenges, candies, and cough drops)
Lemon balm : (Melissa officinalis) Used as :- Medicinal and culinary herb, used in Aromatherapy

Bastard balm : (Melittis melissophyllum) Used as :- Garden plant

Spearmint : (Mentha spicata) Used as :- Medicinal plant, flavoring agent

Water mint : (Mentha aquatica) Used as :- Medicinal herb

Peppermint : (Mentha × piperita) Used as :- Medicinal plant, flavoring agent

Apple mint : (Mentha suaveolens) Used as :- Medicinal and culinary herb, ornamental plant

Corsican mint : (Mentha requienii) Used as :- Culinary herb, flavoring agent

Corn mint : (Mentha arvensis) Used as :- Medicinal and culinary herb
Gingermint : (Mentha × gracilis) Used as :- Culinary herb

Bergamot mint : (Mentha citrata) Used as :- Medicinal herb

Horse mint : (Mentha longifolia) Used as :- Medicinal herb

European pennyroyal : (Mentha pulegium) Used as :- Medicinal and culinary herb

Garden mint : (Mentha sachalinensis) Used as :- Culinary herb
Native pennyroyal : (Mentha satureioides) Used as :- Medicinal herb and peppermint substitute

Bells of Ireland : (Moluccella laevis) Used as :- Ornamental plant, used in fresh and dried flower arrangement

Lemon Beebalm : (Monarda citriodora) Used as :- Culinary and medicinal plant, insect repellent (fleas and mites)
Crimson beebalm : (Monarda didyma) Used as :- Ornamental and medicinal plant

Wild bergamot : (Monarda fistulosa) Used as :- Ornamental and medicinal plant, honey plant

Spotted beebalm : (Monarda punctata) Used as :- Medicinal plant

Southern monardella : (Monardella australis) Used as :- Ornamental plant (good for rock gardens)
Mountain Coyote mint : (Monardella odoratissima) Used as :- Garden plant

Coyote mint : (Monardella villosa) Used as :- Medicinal and ornamental plant (for natural landscape and habitat garden)

Catnip : (Nepeta cataria) Used as :- Culinary and medicinal herb, ornamental pant, insect repellent
Sweet basil : (Ocimum basilicum) Used as :- Culinary herb, flavoring agent

Holy basil/Tulsi : (Ocimum tenuiflorum) Used as :- Medicinal plant (in Ayurveda), culinary herb, insect repellent

Hoary basil : (Ocimum americanum) Used as :- Medicinal plant

Cat's whiskers : (Orthosiphon aristatus) Used as :- Medicinal and ornamental plant
Misai Kucing : (Orthosiphon stamineus) Used as :- Medicinal plant, used in making herbal tea

Perilla : (Perilla frutescens) Used as :- Culinary herb and ornamental plant

Russian sage : (Perovskia atriplicifolia) Used as :- Culinary, ornamental and medicinal plant

Jerusalem sage : (Phlomis fruticosa) Used as :- Ornamental plant
Turkish sage : (Phlomis russeliana) Used as :- Ornamental plant

Obedient plant : (Physostegia virginiana) Used as :- Garden plant

Country borage : (Plectranthus amboinicus) Used as :- Medicinal and culinary herb, oregano substitute

Silver spurflower : (Plectranthus argentatus) Used as :- Ornamental bedding plant
Chinese potato : (Plectranthus rotundifolius) Used as :- Root crop in Africa

Swedish ivy : (Plectranthus verticillatus) Used as :- Houseplant and garden plant for groundcover

Patchouli : (Pogostemon cablin) Used as :- Medicinal herb, also used in perfumes, incense, and insect repellents
Rosemary : (Rosmarinus officinalis) Used as :- Medicinal and culinary herb, ornamental plant

Sage : (Salvia officinalis) Used as :- Medicinal and culinary herb, ornamental plant

Greek sage : (Salvia fruticosa) Used as :- Medicinal and culinary herb

Clary : (Salvia sclarea) Used as :- Flavoring agent (in vermouths and liqueurs), used in perfumes and aromatherapy
Scarlet sage : (Salvia splendens) Used as :- Ornamental plant

Woodland sage : (Salvia nemorosa) Used as :- Ornamental plant

Mexican bush sage : (Salvia leucantha) Used as :- Ornamental plant

Chia : (Salvia hispanica) Used as :- Edible seeds

Summer savory : (Satureja hortensis) Used as :- Medicinal and culinary herb
Winter savory : (Satureja montana) Used as :- Culinary and medicinal herb

Nose skullcap : (Scutellaria antirrhinoides) Used as :- Garden plant

Baikal skullcap : (Scutellaria baicalensis) Used as :- Medicinal plant (in Chinese traditional medicine)

Scarlet skullcap or Costa Rican skullcap : (Scutellaria costaricana) Used as :- Houseplant
Common skullcap : (Scutellaria galericulata) Used as :- Medicinal herb

Blue skullcap : (Scutellaria lateriflora) Used as :- Medicinal plant

Dwarf skullcap : (Scutellaria nana) Used as :- Medicinal plant

Coleus : (Solenostemon scutellarioides) Used as :- Ornamental plant

Chinese artichoke : (Stachys affinis) Used as :- Root crop
Lamb's ear : (Stachys byzantina) Used as :- Garden plant

Scarlet hedgenettle : (Stachys coccinea) Used as :- Ornamental plant

Betony : (Stachys officinalis) Used as :- Medicinal plant

Marsh woundwort : (Stachys palustris) Used as :- Edible plant

Alpine betony : (Stachys monnieri) Used as :- Garden plant
Wall germander : (Teucrium chamaedrys) Used as :- Ornamental and medicinal plant

Wood sage/Woodland germander : (Teucrium scorodonia) Used as :- Ornamental plant

Lemon thyme/Citrus thyme : (Thymus citriodorus) Used as :- Culinary and medicinal herb, ornamental plant
Caraway thyme : (Thymus herba-barona) Used as :- Culinary herb, garden plant

Forked bluecurls : (Trichostema dichotomum) Used as :- Garden plant

Vinegar weed : (Trichostema ) Used as :- Medicinal plant
Several herbs of the mint family have been used as herbal medicines, for treating certain diseases and disorders from time immemorial. Several studies conducted in this regard have also disclosed the possible benefits of many of these herbs, in containing various diseases. 
However, studies have also cautioned against consuming an excessive amount of mint herbs. Therefore, it is always advisable to consult a health expert, before using these herbs for medicinal purposes.